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          大司命是什么?大司命和小司命分别有什么职责?

            大司命是什么?大司命和小司命分别有什么职责?趣历史小编给大家提供详细的相关内容。

            在我国的神话传说当中,人们都认为,天地之间的一切东西都是由神灵所掌控的。大到日月星辰,气候变化,小到人类的生老病死。阳光下不存在新鲜事,天下从来不存在偶然,除了被人间的王判处了死刑之外,每一个的生命都是由神仙来掌控的,这神仙就是传说中的冥王。上古时期叫做大司命,后来民间叫阎王。从古至今,一共有三个最主要的冥界之王。先秦时期为后土,汉代宋朝为大司命,元代至今为阎王。

          image.png

            首代冥王,水神之子

            炎帝部落曾经显赫一时,即使到了后代也出过很多著名的人物。比如一代战神刑天,被黄帝尊为兵主的蚩尤,还有触怒不周山的共工。根据《山海经》中的记载,后土乃是炎帝第五代玄孙,水神共工之子,为最早的幽都冥府之主。

            幽都又称为鬼都,因为它就是传说中的地狱,人生前如果作恶,死后就会被带到地狱里,享受各种量身定做的酷刑。比如我们常说的上刀山、下火海,都不是玩虚的,是要实打实受着的。

          image.png

            喜欢说是非嚼舌头的会被割舌;作风不正的会被炮烙;贪婪吝啬的将成为饿死鬼,喉咙只有针眼那么细,食物进不去,就算是偶尔喝到了一点汤汤水水,肚腹也会像是火烤一样,疼痛不堪。

            那时候还没有生死簿,谁能活多少寿命,全看自己的造化。做的善事多的,就会活得久一点,如果这个标准无法衡量,就要靠冥王圣心独裁了。那时候也没有黑白无常,也没有牛头马面,后土之下有土伯等,相当于冥府的下属部门。

            大司命与小司命

            后土的统治时期,主要是从传说时期的黄帝到夏商周三代,此后的幽冥界就改换了上司,主管的头儿被称为大司命。大司命主要掌管人间九州之内人类的生死寿命。另外还有小司命,主管子嗣后代。所以说,谁的寿命长,谁的寿命短;谁家会绝后,谁的子嗣多多,儿孙满堂。这些都不是你吃点人参虫草,多娶几房老婆就能改变的。

          image.png

            大司命这个职位,最早应该是由楚国著名爱国人士,楚大夫屈原提出来的。他在《楚辞》中写道:“大司命:‘九州纷纷扰扰,芸芸众生,有多长寿何时归天,都是我说了算?!?/p>

            小司命则说,各位夫人也不要太愁,命里有时终须有,命里无时莫强求;该有的,我自然会赐予你一个美少年。

            十殿阎君

            从元明时期开始,民间就开始流行阎王的传说。一般意义上的阎王只有一个,所谓一山不容二虎。然而在小说《西游记》里,阎王不止一个,地狱分十殿,相当于十个分舵,每一殿都有一个阎王,合称十殿阎王。

            即一殿秦广王、二殿楚江王、三殿宋帝王、四殿仵官王、五殿阎罗王、六殿卞城王、七殿泰山王、八殿都市王、九殿平等王、十殿转轮王。

          image.png

            秦广王也就是生前的开封府尹包拯,因为他铁面无私,死后便被调职去了冥界。事实上,十殿阎王并不是地府的最高长官,他们的老大乃是四大菩萨之一的地藏王菩萨。

            因为这个大菩萨曾经许下一个惊天地泣鬼神的大愿:地狱不空,誓不成佛。所以从此之后的千百年,地狱基本上就被他霸占了。

          免责声明:以上内容源自网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原创版权请告知,我们将尽快删除相关内容。

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