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          明朝小冰河时期欧洲也有出现吗 对欧洲的影响大不大呢

            还不知道:明朝小冰河时期欧洲也有出现吗的读者,下面趣历史小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

            有的,虽说现在没有比较可靠的科学推测可以表明小冰河时期的确切起止时间,但小冰河这种气候异象是全球范围内发生的大规模气候变化,它逐步开始于13世纪初期,在17世纪对全球逐渐产生鲜明的影响。所以明朝末期既然碰上了小冰河时期,那么同时期的欧洲绝对是有的。

            还是先说说小冰河时期究竟是什么,以及会给地球带来什么样的变化吧。小冰河时期相比起曾经地球上出现过的大地、水面冻结,生物灭绝的冰河时期,症状还是相对较为轻一些。小冰河时期比起冰河时期,年平均气温下降幅度虽然要低,但气候依旧会大幅度变冷。

          image.png

            气候变冷所带来的最直观影响便是粮食减产,在明朝时期,中国古代社会依旧是以农业和种植业为主要生产方式,一旦农作物减产,百姓颗粒无收,就会引发大规模的饥荒。而一旦一个国家内部饥荒,就会想着向外拓展土地,获取新的生产资料和生产资源——就会引发战乱。

          image.png

            说到从十六世纪开始,一直到十七世纪的欧洲大饥荒,其实有一部分原因就是小冰河时期所致。先说说明末清初的小冰河时期让明朝经历了什么,小冰河时期的特征不仅是冬天大寒,到了夏季则更容易出现旱涝灾害,以粮食种植为主业和主要收入来源的农民们颗粒无收,饱受饥荒灾害。产业链的变动和人民日渐穷困的生活,直接将明朝带着向下坡走。

          image.png

            而转眼反观欧洲的绝大部分地区,虽说正值小冰河时期,但欧洲一些发展程度较高的地区,已经开始了对世界各个殖民地的掠夺。虽说欧洲特别是北欧地区,靠近北极圈,理应受到小冰河时期的影响最为严重。但由于当时的欧洲主要把人力物力集中在对外侵略上,本土粮食和渔业的减产对欧洲并没有产生太大的影响。

          image.png

            小冰河时期为人类社会带来的最直观影响,内部影响就是生产力下降,而外部影响则是社会动荡、战争频发。由于社会生产资料的严重缺失,部分民族和国家的求生欲暴涨,从而致使他们动辄对外侵略,引发战争、争夺领土和资源。

            拿英国举例子吧,正是从十七世纪开始,英国就开始走上坡路了。英国当时是查理一世在位,正打着三十年战争打得不可开交,但是这么一来一去,动用了国内本就日益稀少的资源,引得资产阶级终于坐不住了。查理一世上了断头台,英国资产阶级革命胜利,社会结构和社会形态皆发生改变,社会生产力的结构重组,并得到一定程度的解放。

          image.png

            但我国明朝就不那么幸运了,小冰河时期明朝最大的变故就是易权于清,这其中也有一部分小冰河时期的原因。

          免责声明:以上内容源自网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原创版权请告知,我们将尽快删除相关内容。

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