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          鼠疫对明朝的影响有多大 华北地区就造成了一千多万人的死亡

            还不知道:鼠疫对明朝的影响有多大的读者,下面趣历史小编就为大家带来详细介绍,接着往下看吧~

            人类的发展中,有很多东西是一直伴随着走过来的,其中疾病是人类逃脱不了的一个影子,任何时候总是会有这类情况发生,是无法避免的。其中,相比于一般的疾病,瘟疫则是一个非??植赖拇嬖?,尤其是在历史上,对于人类而言,这就像一个死亡的镰刀,一挥而下就带走无数的生命。人类因此而失去生命的人数已经数不胜数,根本无法统计出来人数。严重的时候就是整个城市变成一座死城,全城的人都因此而丧失性命。在众多的瘟疫当中,鼠疫算是最有名的,因为它,在历史上有着重大的影响。

          image.png

            尤其是在十四世纪的欧洲,就爆发了这种瘟疫,救过一下子席卷整个欧洲直世界。但是的死亡率达到了30%,仅仅是欧洲就有2500多万人因此丧命,而世界上当时因为这场瘟疫丧生的人合计起来达到了七千万左右。在鼠疫横行时期吗,欧洲已经是一片恐慌,社会已经濒临解体的状态。尤其是农村,由于医疗卫生的低下,使得死亡人口极高,而且一般是一家一家的去世,这就使当时大片的土地无人耕作,于是粮食的产量一下子骤降,进而引发了饥荒。但是相比于农村城市由于人口密集,环境比较差,因此死亡率更高,值得很多人开始向荒野里逃难。

          image.png

            而鼠疫造成的影响不仅是国外,连当时的明朝也遭受了毁灭性的打击,当时由于常年的干旱,使田鼠开始携带者鼠疫开始四处传播,在万历崇祯年间的华北地区,就造成了1000多万人的死亡,要知道到了明末,全国的人口数才达到了两亿而已,可见这次灾害的后果有多严重。更可怕的是这件事造成的影响,当时百姓见到人因此丧命之后,开始逃难,结果就出现了整个城市都空了的后果。

          image.png

            鼠疫对于社会造成的影响,可以说非常大,已经是严重的动荡,尤其是北方。在史书里记载,当鼠疫传播到大名府的时候,雪上加霜的是当年春天竟然没有下雨,而且还出现了蝗灾,,结果庄稼还没长起来就被蝗虫啃食一空,直接造成了无数人被饿死。当时有官员上书声称,当地的百姓因为饥荒饿死的有三成,因为鼠疫而死的有三成,最后那四成为了活下去就成为了强盗,而粮食的价格也是一路疯涨。也正是如此,才会让北京当时一片混乱,这也是李自成成功占领的重要因素。

          免责声明:以上内容源自网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原创版权请告知,我们将尽快删除相关内容。

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