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          诸葛氏

          分布地区

          琅邪郡。秦始皇时置郡。相当于现在山东省诸城县、临沂县、胶南县一带。

          历史来源

          「诸葛」源出

          诸葛(Zhūgě诸葛)姓源出有三:1、出自葛姓所改。相传,伯夷的后裔葛伯的封国灭亡后,原居于琅琊郡诸县之葛氏有一支迁徙至阳都,因阳都已有葛姓,遂称后迁来的葛姓为诸葛氏。2、出自有熊氏之后,为詹葛姓所改。春秋时齐国有熊氏之后有复姓詹葛,因读音讹为诸葛氏,后改为诸葛氏。3、出自封赐所改。秦末陈胜吴广起义时,有大将葛婴屡立战功,却被陈胜听信谗言杀害。西汉文帝封葛婴的孙子为诸县侯,其后代遂以诸葛为姓,称诸葛氏。

          得姓始祖

          葛伯。诸葛氏最初是源自葛氏,得姓源流有三种不同途径。一说是根据《通志·氏族略》上的记载认为,诸葛氏是葛婴的后人,因居住在诸诚,而被称为诸葛。一说是从《三国志·吴志·诸葛瑾传》中引证的,书中指出,琅琊诸县人葛氏,后来迁居阳都,阳都原来已经有姓葛的人,为了将两葛氏人区分开来,所以称诸县葛氏为诸葛?;褂幸桓鏊捣ㄊ恰斗缢淄ā飞纤岬降?,孝文帝因葛婴有功而被诛杀,所以追封他的孙子为诸县侯,并且称诸葛氏。此外另有一说,人为诸葛是由“詹葛”氏改成的。综合以上文献资料,可知道,诸葛氏的得姓途径虽有不同,但追本溯源,却一脉相传自夏商之际的诸侯葛伯,而且都出自山东诸城。这个家族之所以会以诸葛为姓,主要是基于血统和地缘两个因素。在血缘上,他们是葛伯之后;在地缘上,他们同发祥于诸城,也成长于诸城。诸葛氏后人奉葛伯为诸葛姓的始祖。

          迁徙分布

          诸葛姓在大陆和台湾没有列入百家姓前一百位。诸葛的起源说法不一。早在商朝,相传伯益的后裔葛伯,被封为诸侯,灭亡后,后世有一支迁居诸城(今山东省诸城),后迁至阳都(今山东省沂水县),当地已有葛姓,故后来的葛姓取“诸葛”二字为他们的姓氏。秦代葛婴(陈涉大将)在农民起义中屡立战功,却因谗言所害,遭杀身之祸,而后世汉武帝刘邦为其不平,隧赐其子孙为诸县候,由此,后人取“诸”及“葛”字,合姓“诸葛”;再一说,有“詹葛”一姓,在齐国人的语系里,“詹”与“诸”两音不分,时间长久后,误传为“诸葛”。诸葛复姓望族居琅邪郡。秦始皇时置郡。相当于现在山东省诸城县、临沂县、胶南县一带。

          堂号

          三顾堂:东汉末时,刘备三顾诸葛亮于茅庐之中,后拜诸葛亮为丞相。卧龙堂:诸葛亮起初隐居南阳,自比管仲、乐毅,他居住的地方叫卧龙岗,人称“卧龙先生”。

          家族名人

          诸葛亮三国时蜀国政治家、军事家。东汉末年,隐居邓县隆中(今湖北省襄阳西),留心世事。刘备三顾茅庐,他向刘备提出了占据荆(今湖南、湖北)、益(今四川)两州,联合孙权、对抗曹操,统一全国的建议(即“隆中对”),从此成为刘备的主要谋士。帮助刘备取得赤壁之战的胜利,占领荆、益两州,建立了蜀汉政权。刘备称帝,他任丞相。刘备死后,受遗诏与尚书令李严共同辅佐后主刘禅。建兴元年,以丞相封武乡侯,兼领益州牧。他志在攻魏以复中原,乃东和孙权,南平孟获,而后出师北伐,六出祁山,与魏相攻战者累年,后病死于五丈原(今陕西省勉县西南)军营中,葬定军山,终年54岁。有《诸葛武侯集》、《出师表》为其名篇。

          姓氏文化

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