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          壤驷氏

          分布地区

          天水郡:亦称上邽郡。西汉朝元鼎三年(丁卯,公元前441年)置郡,治所在平襄(今甘肃通渭),其时辖地在今甘肃省通渭县、秦安县、定西县、清水县、庄浪县、甘谷县、张家川县及天水市西北部、陇西东部、榆中东北部地一带地区。 秦 郡:晋朝时期置郡,初治冀县(今甘肃甘谷),后移治到上邽(今甘肃天水)。民国时期改为度州,州治为天水县。

          历史来源

          壤驷(Rǎng sì )姓源于嬴姓,出自春秋时期秦国贵族壤驷赤之后,属于以先祖名字为氏。

          古代春秋晚期,秦国的上邽有个人叫壤驷赤,字子徒,在《孔子家语》中作“字子从”。秦国在当时位于今甘肃省礼县东北、张家川东、陕西省宝鸡、凤翔东南一大片地方,那时秦国兵力强大,但文明程度很低。国内甚至于还处在氏族部落联盟的奴隶制早期阶段,加之秦人崇尚好战争胜,所以研学文化的人不多。而那位壤驷赤却是个例外,他从秦国不惜千里迢迢来到鲁国,向孔子学习礼制。礼制,就是用智慧、文明的制度去治理国家。壤驷赤读书很用功,而且有才气,做诗、做文章都很出色。壤驷,显然是秦国嬴姓贵族中的一支氏族,源出无考,因为平民是不可能有条件跑那么遥远到鲁国去求学的。从壤驷赤之后,这个壤驷氏复姓就不再见于史书记载了。据史籍《姓氏考略》的记载:“孔子弟子壤驷赤之后,以壤驷赤之壤为单姓?!奔唇允∥募蚋母奈バ杖朗狭?,因此壤驷氏在今天极为罕见。

          得姓始祖

          壤驷赤。壤驷姓的开山鼻祖是壤驷赤,在《孔子家语》曾有孔子弟子壤驷赤的记载。壤驷氏是源于春秋时代的秦国。秦在当时位于现在工甘肃省礼县东北、张家川东、陕西省宝鸡、凤翔东南一大片地方。壤驷氏也就发祥于这里。据《英贤传》上指出,壤驷是复姓。这个复姓,根据《姓氏考略》的记载,自从壤驷赤之后,改复姓为单姓壤,所以,复姓壤驷氏极为少见。

          迁徙分布

          壤驷氏复姓或是古老的汉族姓氏,但人口总数在中国的大陆和台湾省均未列入百家姓前三百位,在宋版《百家姓》中排序为第四百五十二位门阀。古代春秋时期,秦国上邽有个人叫壤驷赤。那时秦国兵力强大,但文明程度不高,秦国人好战争胜,但崇尚文化的人不多。而壤驷赤是个例外,他就从秦国来到鲁国,向孔子学习礼制,礼制就是用智慧的文化制度去治理国家。壤驷赤很用功读书,而且有才气,做诗做文章都很出色。壤驷可能是秦国贵族中的一支姓氏,因为贫民百姓,是不大可能从秦国跑到鲁国去求学的。但壤驷这个姓,此后就不再见有人被史书记载的了。据古人考证,因为这个姓改成了单壤。据《姓氏考略》中载:“孔子弟子壤驷赤之后,以壤驷赤之壤为单姓?!比梨嵝罩?,望出上邽,即今甘肃省天水县西南一带??杉梨嵝盏笔笔且哉饫镂毖苤行牡?。

          堂号

          天水堂:以望立堂,亦称上邽堂。
          秦郡堂:以望立堂,亦称甘谷堂、上邽堂。
          京兆堂:以望立堂。

          家族名人

          壤驷赤:字子徒,春秋末期秦国上邽(今甘肃省天水市秦城区)人。孔子弟子,为七十二贤人之一。身通六艺,以诗礼化被西垂。与颜、曾、闵、冉诸贤同为孔子入室弟子。陇上儒学三贤之一。唐代封“北征伯”,宋朝封“上邽侯”,明代称“先贤”,秦州(今甘肃省天水市)文庙设有壤驷赤祠。

          姓氏文化

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