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          萨迪

          萨迪(1208~1291)

          萨迪的资料

          中文名:萨迪

          外文名:Sa'di

          国 籍:伊朗

          民 族:波斯人

          出生地:伊朗设拉子

          出生日期:1208

          逝世日期:1291

          职 业:诗人

          信 仰:伊斯兰教

          代表作品:《果园》、《蔷薇园》等

          最新人物

          其他S开头的人物更多

          世界其它的人物更多

          萨迪——波斯诗人

            萨迪(Sa'di,Moshlefoddin Mosaleh,1208~1291)全名为谢赫 ·穆斯利赫丁·阿卜杜拉·萨迪·设拉子,是中世纪波斯(今伊朗)诗人。萨迪作品保存下来的抒情诗约600多首,作品通过对花鸟、山水、美女、静夜的描写,寄托了诗人对大自然的热爱和对美好人生的向往。他的诗结构严密,语言凝炼、流畅,韵律抑扬有致,是波斯文学史上的一枝奇葩。萨迪的成名作有《果园》和《蔷薇园》。萨迪的作品风格几百年来一直是波斯文学的典范。他被誉为“波斯古典文坛最伟大的人物”,其作品对后世影响很大,被译成几十种外国文字,受到读者的盛赞。萨迪在波斯文学史上占有崇高地位,他是公认的支撑波斯文学大厦的四根柱石之一。

            生平

            1208年生于波斯西南部法尔斯(今伊朗一省)的设拉子城一下层传教士家庭。早年在家乡求学。14岁丧父,成为孤儿,饱尝了生活艰辛。青年时代前往巴格达,进入当时著名的内扎米耶学府,刻苦钻研文学和伊斯兰教神学。同时开始用波斯文和阿拉伯文创作抒情诗。后因不堪忍受学校的束缚而辍学,并离开巴格达。当时正值蒙古人入侵,加上地方王朝之间混战,以致社会动荡不安。故萨迪的前半生几乎是在颠沛流离中度过的。此间,他以伊斯兰教达尔维什(游方者)的身份,沿途布道讲学,足迹遍及叙利亚、埃及、摩洛哥、埃塞俄比亚、印度、阿富汗斯坦和中国新疆的喀什噶尔等地,当过苦工杂役,并多次去麦加天房朝觐。待返回故乡时已两鬓苍白。近30年云游四方的经历,使他广泛接触了社会各阶层人物,亲身体验了穷苦大众的悲惨生活,对他世界观的形成和日后的文学创作产生了深刻影响。

            当时的设拉子因被地方统治者以重金购买,故未遭到蒙古军的破坏,社会秩序比较安定。此后,萨迪隐居故里,潜心写作。

          萨迪相关的历史人物

          萨迪简介

          萨迪作品成就

          萨迪最新文章

          历史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

          人物朝代、地区索引: 上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋战国 秦朝 汉朝 三国 晋朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十国 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民国 世界 近代 现代 影视小说 美国 日本 五胡十六国 巴尔干 南美洲 北欧三国 俄国 英国 法国 德国 意大利 西班牙 奥匈帝国 土耳其 非洲 朝鲜

          热门明星索引: 全部 内地 港台 日韩 欧美 歌手 演员 体育 网红

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