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          图拉真

          图拉真(53年~117年)

          图拉真的资料

          中文名:马尔库斯·乌尔皮乌斯·涅尔瓦·图拉真努斯

          外文名:Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus

          别 名:图拉真

          国 籍:罗马帝国安敦尼王朝

          民 族:罗马

          出生地:西班牙伊大利卡

          出生日期:53年9月18日

          逝世日期:117年8月9日

          职 业:皇帝

          主要成就:征服达西亚(达契亚)

                          将罗马疆域扩张到历史上最大范围

          养 父:涅尔瓦

          父 亲:Marcus Ulpius Trajanus 马库斯

          母 亲:Marcia 玛尔西娅

          配 偶:Pompeia Plotina 庞培

          继任皇帝:哈德良

          最新人物

          其他T开头的人物更多

          世界其它的人物更多

          图拉真——古代罗马帝国安敦尼王朝第二任皇帝

            图拉真(Trajan,全名马尔库斯·乌尔皮乌斯·涅尔瓦·图拉真努斯 Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus,53年9月18日-117年8月9日),古代罗马帝国安敦尼王朝第二任皇帝,98年至117年在位。五贤帝中的第二位。

            图拉真在位期间,对内巩固了经济和社会制度,对外发动战争,将罗马帝国的疆域扩张到历史上最大范围。由于其功绩卓著,获得了罗马元老院赠予的“最佳元首”称号。

            人物简介

            图拉真(Trajan, Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus。53年9月18日-117年8月9日),罗马帝国皇帝(98-117年),罗马帝国五贤帝之一。

            图拉真出生于西班牙贝提卡的伊大利卡,是第一位意大利以外出生的罗马皇帝。他在位时立下显赫的战功,使罗马帝国的版图在他的统治下达到了极盛。他曾经建立图拉真柱记载自己的功绩。元老院曾赠给他“最佳领袖”(Optimus princeps)的称号。

            早年经历

            图拉真出生于西班牙伊大利卡的一个军功世家,随父在军中长大,逐渐成长为经验丰富的将领。他的父亲是远西班牙的罗马殖民者的后裔,母亲是西班牙人。他的家庭富有并有名望,他的父亲曾任西班牙、叙利亚等行省总督。

            89年图拉真成为军团指挥官,91年任执政官。因为在与日耳曼人作战的功绩,他被授予了“日耳曼尼库斯”荣誉称号。据说图拉真的性格善良淳朴而又刚毅果决,而且胆大心细,简直为一完人,不但深得军方拥护,也很受罗马民众爱戴。96年,罗马皇帝图密善因为长期藐视元老院,与元老院严重不和,于一次政变中遇弑。

            随后,老资格的元老涅尔瓦被推举为皇帝。涅尔瓦尽管有元老院的鼎力支持,在军队中缺乏势力和威信。为了取得军队的支持,他在继位的第二年,作了一个明智的诀定,挑选战功卓著的日耳曼总督,45岁的图拉真作为自己的养子和继承人。这一决定不仅平息了军队的不满,还开创了罗马帝国的一个新时期,使罗马开始步入一个长达60年的太平盛世,罗马帝国各方面都发展到顶峰。

            98年年初,涅尔瓦因病去世,正在科隆戍守的图拉真奉召继位。

          图拉真相关的历史人物

          图拉真简介

          图拉真生平

          图拉真最新文章

          历史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

          人物朝代、地区索引: 上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋战国 秦朝 汉朝 三国 晋朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十国 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民国 世界 近代 现代 影视小说 美国 日本 五胡十六国 巴尔干 南美洲 北欧三国 俄国 英国 法国 德国 意大利 西班牙 奥匈帝国 土耳其 非洲 朝鲜

          热门明星索引: 全部 内地 港台 日韩 欧美 歌手 演员 体育 网红

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